Overview of methods

Actor constellation – workshop participants (G. Wülser)

Actor constellation

A role-play for jointly sorting out the relevance of various involved actors for tackling a specific research question
(K. Herweg)


A poll for consolidating expert views on an issue using ratings and arguments.
(K. Herweg)

Emancipatory boundary critique

A set of questions supporting non-experts in critically challenging an expert’s suggested solution to a problem and the solution’s social and ecological implications.

(M. Stauffacher)

Give-and-take matrix

A tool for identifying pieces of knowledge to be shared between subparts of inter- and transdisciplinary projects
(G. Wülser)

Most significant change

A story-based, qualitative method for uncovering most significant project impacts experienced by individuals.
(M. Rossini, http://blog.wbkolleg.unibe.ch/?p=1149)

Nomadic concepts

A heuristic tool for exchanging understandings of concepts across disciplinary, professional and cultural boundaries.

(M. Stauffacher)

Research marketplace

A tool to initiate bilateral and small group exchange between (sub)projects that need to be linked.
(C. Pohl)

Soft systems methodology

A systems thinking based tool for creating shared understandings of a problem situation, working out possible improvements and deciding on the one(s) to implement
(G. Wülser)


A story-based, qualitative method for retrospectively assembling crucial events in a collective process.

(G. Wülser)

Three types of knowledge tool

A tool for tailoring research questions to (societal) knowledge demands.
(G. Wülser)

Toolbox approach

A tool to uncover implicit assumptions and shared understandings of scientific disciplines and to oppose them to the thought styles of other disciplines.
Venn diagram (B. Pearce)

Venn diagram tool

A diagram for forming groups around joint topics based on participants’ background, expertise, and interest.